History of Indian Music An Introduction:
Indian Music history of india music is based on the ragas "colors"which are scales and melodies that provide the foundation for a performance.
Unlike western classical music, that is deterministic, Indian classical music allows for a much greater degree of "personalization" of the performance, almost to the level of jazz-like improvisation.
Thus, each performance of a raga is different. The goal of the raga is to create a trancey state, to broadcast a mood of ecstasy.
The main difference with western classical music is that the Indian ragas are not "composed" by a composer, but were created via a lengthy evolutionary process over the centuries. Thus they do not represent mind of the composer but a universal idea of the world. They transmit not personal but impersonal emotion.
Another difference is that Indian music is monodic, not polyphonic.
Hindustani North Indian ragas are assigned to specific times of the day or night and to specific seasons. Many ragas share the same scale, and many ragas share the same melodic theme.
There are thousands of ragas, but six are considered fundamental: A raga is not necessarily instrumental, and, if vocal, it is not necessarily accompanied. But when it is accompanied by percussion such as tablasthe rhythm is often rather intricate because it si constructed from a combination of fundamental rhythmic patterns or talas.
The main instrument of the ragas is the sitar, although historically the vina zither was at least equally important. Carnatic Southern Indian ragas constitute one of the oldest systems of music in the world.
They are based on seven rhythmic cycles and 72 fundamental ragas.
The founder of the Karnataka school is considered to be Purandara Dasa Carnatic music is mostly vocal and devotional in nature, and played with different instruments than Hindustani music such as the mridangam drum, the ghatam clay pot, the vina sitar as opposed to sitar, sarod, tambura and tabla.
The fundamental format of Carnatic songs is the "kriti", which are usually set in the style of a raga the raga serves as the melodic foundation. The golden age of Carnatic music was the age of Syama Sastri, who died inof Tyagaraja, who died in and who composed the Pancharatna Krithis as well as two "operas", Prahalada Bhakti Vijayam and Nauca Charitam, and of Muthuswami Dikshitar, who died in after composing the Kamalamba Navavarnams and the Navagraha krithis.
Among his later performances, there are still impressive ones such as Raga Basant Mukhari, off Artistic Sound of Sarod He remained faithful to his roots longer than other Indian performers, eventually experimenting with synthesizers on Journey and with instruments of the western symphonic orchestra on Garden of Dreamsbasically a raga symphony for a chamber orchestra.
He first toured the west inwhen he was already a veteran and made friends among pop stars George Harrison of the Beatles became his student in India’s music is based on the combination of vocal and instrumental music, along with dance.
And these three combined is what is known as sangeet. According to the documented history of Indian music, performances were complete with the combination of the three. Satavahana Empire ( BC – AD ) Kuninda Kingdom ( BC – AD ) Mitra Dynasty (c.
– c. 50 BC) Shunga Empire (–73 BC) Indo-Greek Kingdom. Classical Indian music is a genre of South Asian music, the other being film, various varieties of pop, regional folk, religious and devotional music.
In Indian classical music, the raga and the tala are two foundational elements. The raga forms the fabric of a melodic structure, and the tala keeps the time cycle.
Musicmap attempts to provide the ultimate genealogy of popular music genres, including their relations and history. It is the result of more than seven years of research with over listed sources and cross examination of many other visual genealogies.
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His album Music of India - Morning and Evening Ragas (), containing two side-long ragas (the traditional Rag Sindhu Bhairavi and his own Rag Pilu Baroowa), was the first Indian classical recording to appear in the West, and the first recording of ragas on an LP.