History[ edit ] s and s[ edit ] Formal education in Quebec began almost four hundred years ago, with the arrival of the Ursuline nuns to Lower Canadaand later the inauguration of the Jesuit College was inaugurated in in Quebec City. While the system was initially private, ina Commission on Education chaired by Judge William Smith proposed the establishment of a public system from elementary school through to university. It recommended that the system include a non-denominational university governed by lay and religious representatives - both Catholic and Protestant - that would attract members of both faiths. This report was a catalyst for debate about the divided nature of the Quebec education system.
Between andhe made 12 stays in North America. He was an indefatigable explorer — and an assistant to other explorers — in the quest for an overland route across America to the Pacific, and onwards to the riches of the Orient.
But a fire in the 17th century completely destroyed the town records of Brouage, where the young Champlain was believed to have spent his childhood. However, by the time he undertook his voyages of discovery and exploration to Canada, he had definitely converted to Catholicism. On this basis, several historians have deduced that Champlain must have been born around But things were to take a different turn in the spring of when Jean-Marie Germe, a French genealogist, was examining the archives of the Protestant parish of Saint Yon de La Rochelle.
Certainly the document is difficult to read; the letters often have to be deciphered as much from their context, as from their appearance. Moreover, in that era the rules of spelling were flexible, to say the least.
The different spellings used for the family name of the child and his father can be explained by the fact these names had perhaps previously been Columbus and champlain comparison down only rarely.
A standard spelling had possibly not yet been adopted. What are the chances of finding another baptismal certificate dating from this era where the names are identical to those we find in other historical documents?
The chances are in fact very small indeed. However, even though the family names of Chapeleau and Champlain are similar, this small difference — understandable as it may be — cautions us not to jump to conclusions.
Although the probability is slight, it is still possible that this document has nothing to do with our Samuel de Champlain.
If we are indeed looking at the baptismal certificate of our Samuel de Champlain, we can now say for certain that he was born into a Protestant family, most probably during the summer of But unless there is another discovery to equal the one made by Mr.
Aymar de Chaste, governor of Dieppe in Northern France, had obtained a monopoly of the fur trade and set up a trading post at Tadoussac. He invited Champlain to join an expedition he was sending there.
Thus Champlain sailed from Honfleur on the fifteenth of March,and prepared to follow the route that Jacques Cartier had opened up in He proceeded to explore part of the valley of the Saguenay river and was led to suspect the existence of Hudson Bay.
He then sailed up the St. Lawrence as far as Hochelaga the site of Montreal. Nothing was to be seen of the Amerindian people and village which Cartier had visited, and Sault St. Louis the Lachine Rapids still seemed impassable. However, Champlain learned from his guides that above the rapids there were three great lakes Erie, Huron and Ontario to be explored.
In exchange for a ten years exclusive trading patent, de Monts undertook to settle sixty homesteaders a year in that part of New France. From tothe search went on for a suitable permanent site for them. While the settlers were tilling, building, hunting and fishing, Champlain carried on with his appointed task of investigating the coastline and looking for safe harbours.
Routes Reset Map The three years stay in Acadia allowed him plenty of time for exploration, description and map-making. He journeyed almost 1, kilometres along the Atlantic coast from Maine as far as southernmost Cape Cod. Lawrence, specifically to Stadacona, which he called Quebec.
In his opinion, nowhere else was so suitable for the fur trade and as a starting point from which to search for the elusive route to China.
Johnand on the third of July,he founded what was to become Quebec City. He immediately set about building his Habitation residence there. Champlain also explored the Iroquois River now called the Richelieuwhich led him on the fourteenth of July,to the lake which would later bear his name.
Like the traders who had preceded him, he sided with the Hurons, Algonquins and Montaignais against the Iroquois. This intervention in local politics was ultimately responsible for the warlike relations that were to pit the Iroquois against the French for generations. He found an ideal harbour, and facing it he built the Place Royale royal squarearound which the town would later develop from onwards.
Lawrence and its tributaries as a route towards the interior of the continent. The following year Champlain was induced to make a voyage up the Ottawa River in the course of which he reached Allumette Island.
It was his initial foray along the route that was to lead him to the heartland of present-day Ontario and eventually to reach Lake Huron on the first of August, In the years that followed, he devoted all his efforts to founding a French colony in the St.
The keystone of his project was the settlement at Quebec.Discovery, Exploration, Colonies, & Revolution. Updated July 3, JUMP TO..
TIMELINES & MAPS / PRIMARY DOCUMENTS. DISCOVERY & EXPLORATION. NATIVE AMERICANS & COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE. Burlington is a vibrant city located on the shores of Lake Champlain in Vermont.
Best things to do in Burlington, VT include unique attractions like ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center, Ethan Allen Homestead and the Fleming Museum of Art. Compare Schools Here you can directly compare what students will learn at different colleges and universities.
If you would like to compare more institutions once you have the results, simply use your browser's "Back" key. Columbus and de Champlain: A Brief Comparison In two of the selections that we read, we had extensive accounts of Europeans that kept detailed journals of their observations and experiences during their voyages to the New World.
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The Early Explorer's Journals Christopher Columbus and Samuel de Champlain were two of the most influential explorers in the history of the Americas.